Introduction: The implementation of spatial-covariance [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography–based disease-related metabolic brain patterns as biomarkers has been hampered by intercenter imaging differences. Within the scope of the JPND-PETMETPAT working group, we illustrate the impact of these differences on Parkinson's disease–related pattern (PDRP) expression scores. Methods: Five healthy controls, 5 patients with idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder, and 5 patients with Parkinson's disease were scanned on one positron emission tomography/computed tomography system with multiple image reconstructions. In addition, one Hoffman 3D Brain Phantom was scanned on several positron emission tomography/computed tomography systems using various reconstructions. Effects of image contrast on PDRP scores were also examined. Results: Human and phantom raw PDRP scores were systematically influenced by scanner and reconstruction effects. PDRP scores correlated inversely to image contrast. A Gaussian spatial filter reduced contrast while decreasing intercenter score differences. Discussion: Image contrast should be considered in harmonization efforts. A Gaussian filter may reduce noise and intercenter effects without sacrificing sensitivity. Phantom measurements will be important for correcting PDRP score offsets.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Alzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2019|
- Hoffman 3D brain phantom
- Neuroimaging biomarker
- Principal component analysis