Feasibility of cardiovascular magnetic resonance of angiographically diagnosed congenital solitary coronary artery fistulas in adults

S. A.M. Said, M. B.M. Hofman, A. M. Beek, T. Van Der Werf, A. C. Van Rossum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To evaluate the use of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to visualize angiographically-detected congenital coronary artery fistulas in adults. Methods: CMR techniques were used to study 13 patients, recruited from the Dutch Registry, with previously angiographically diagnosed fistulas. Results: Coronary fistulas were detected in 10 of 13 (77%) patients by CMR and, retrospectively, in two (92%) more. In 93% of these, it was possible to determine the origin and the outflow site of the fistulas. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance allowed demonstration of dilatation of the fistula-related coronary artery in all cases. Tortuosity of fistulas was detected in all visualized patients. Uni-or bilaterality of fistulas as seen on CAG was proven on CMR in all patients. Flow measurement could be performed in 8 patients. A fairly good correlation (r = 0.72) was found between angiographic (mean 6.2 mm, range 1-16) and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (mean 6.3 mm, range 3-15) measured fistulous diameters. Conclusions: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance of congenital fistulas with clinical significant shunting is feasible and can provide additional physiological data complementary to the findings of conventional coronary angiography.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-583
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2007


  • Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
  • Congenital Coronary Anomaly
  • Coronary Arteriography
  • Coronary Artery Fistulas

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