Frontal-striatal abnormalities underlying behaviours in the compulsive-impulsive spectrum

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Abstract

In this paper, we tentatively bring together the psychiatric, neurological and addiction perspectives on the impulsive-compulsive spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders, in order to understand the pathophysiology of impulse control disorders (ICDs) in Parkinson's disease. In an attempt to try to pool the various levels of information we will therefore focus on three disorders within the impulse-compulsive spectrum, i.e., obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), ICDs in Parkinson's disease, and cocaine seeking behaviour. Whereas there are large differences between these three domains, each with their own nomenclature, hypotheses and study results, they share the focus on an imbalance within and between the frontal-striatal circuits as underlying substrate for the behaviours. For each disorder, we summarize the results from recent studies in order to describe in which way alterations in the frontal-striatal circuits contribute to the phenotype. The phenomenological overlap between ICDs in Parkinson's disease, addiction and OCD needs further investigation, since better understanding of the overlapping and differentiating characteristics will contribute to our understanding of the pathophysiology of the disturbances and treatment alternatives
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)55-59
JournalJournal of the neurological sciences
Volume289
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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