Gender differences in health-related quality of life among asthma patients

Hanneke A. H. Wijnhoven, Didi M. W. Kriegsman, Frank J. Snoek, Arlette E. Hesselink, Marten de Haan

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To identify and explain differences between men and women with asthma regarding health-related quality of life (HRQoL). A cross-sectional study was performed among 967 asthma patients recruited from general practice. Data were collected by means of a pulmonary function assessment, a face-to-face interview, and a written questionnaire. Women with asthma reported lower scores on HRQoL in the age groups 16-34 and 56-75 years but not in the age group 35-55 years. In all age groups, women reported more severe dyspnea but had higher levels of pulmonary function. The poorer HRQoL reported by women could be explained by a more severe dyspnea and a higher level of medication use in women. The finding that women with asthma aged 16-34 and 56-75 years report poorer HRQoL than men is not due to a more severe disease state in terms of pulmonary obstruction but does seem to be related to a more severe subjective disease state in women than in men
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-199
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Asthma
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2003


  • Asthma
  • Gender
  • Quality of life

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