Global survey on the surgical management of patients affected by colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastases: impact of surgical specialty and geographic region

Jasper Paul Sijberden, Antonino Spinelli, Alessandro Ferrero, Manish Chand, Steven Wexner, Marc G. Besselink, Ibrahim Dagher, Giuseppe Zimmitti, Burak Görgec, Antonio de Lacy, Mayank Roy, Pieter Tanis, Carlo Tonti, Mohammed Abu Hilal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Consensus on the best surgical strategy for the management of synchronous colorectal liver metastases (sCRLM) has not been achieved. This study aimed to assess the attitudes of surgeons involved in the treatment of sCRLM. Methods: Surveys designed for colorectal, hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB), and general surgeons were disseminated through representative societies. Subgroup analyses were performed to compare responses between specialties and continents. Results: Overall, 270 surgeons (57 colorectal, 100 HPB and 113 general surgeons) responded. Specialist surgeons more frequently utilized minimally invasive surgery (MIS) than general surgeons for colon (94.8% vs. 71.7%, p < 0.001), rectal (91.2% vs. 64.6%, p < 0.001), and liver resections (53% vs. 34.5%, p = 0.005). In patients with an asymptomatic primary, the liver-first two-stage approach was preferred in most respondents’ centres (59.3%), while the colorectal-first approach was preferred in Oceania (83.3%) and Asia (63.4%). A substantial proportion of the respondents (72.6%) had personal experience with minimally invasive simultaneous resections, and an expanding role for this procedure was foreseen (92.6%), while more evidence was desired (89.6%). Respondents were more reluctant to combine a hepatectomy with low anterior (76.3%) and abdominoperineal resections (73.3%), compared to right (94.4%) and left hemicolectomies (90.7%). Colorectal surgeons were less inclined to combine right or left hemicolectomies with a major hepatectomy than HPB and general surgeons (right: 22.8% vs. 50% and 44.2%, p = 0.008; left: 14% vs. 34% and 35.4%, p = 0.002, respectively). Conclusion: The clinical practices and viewpoints on the management of sCRLM differ between continents, and between and within surgical specialties. However, there appears to be consensus on a growing role for MIS and a need for evidence-based input. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4658-4672
Number of pages15
JournalSurgical endoscopy
Issue number6
Early online date2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023


  • Clinical practice pattern
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Surgical procedures
  • Survey
  • Synchronous colorectal liver metastases

Cite this