Hepatocellular adenomas associated with hepatic granulomas: experience in five cases

Matthanja Bieze, Paulette Bioulac-Sage, Joanne Verheij, Charles Balabaud, Christophe Laurent, Thomas M. van Gulik

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We present five cases in whom two rare entities were simultaneously found within the liver, i.e. hepatocellular adenomas (HCAs) and granulomas. Coexistence of both entities confuses diagnosis. Our aim is to disclose the association between HCA and hepatic granulomas. Five patients presented with HCA for which they underwent resection. During laparotomy or at pathological examination, granulomas were found in tumorous and non-tumorous tissue. No specific cause for the granulomas was found. Immunohistochemistry showed overexpression of C-reactive protein and serum amyloid A in 4/5 patients, classifying these lesions as inflammatory HCA. HCA and especially the inflammatory subtype may cause formation of granulomas in (peri-)tumorous tissue as a local response to persistent inflammation and/or the presence of a tumor. Both HCA and hepatic granulomas have also been associated with oral contraceptive use. In conclusion, HCAs associated with hepatic granulomas derive from a local response to (inflammatory) HCA or neoplasm, chronic use of oral contraceptives, or a combination of these factors
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)677-683
JournalCase reports in gastroenterology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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