Histology and electron microscopy of explanted bifurcated endovascular aortic grafts: Evidence of early incorporation and healing

C. K. Shin, W. Rodino, J. D. Kirwin, J. A. Ramirez, W. Wisselink, G. Papierman, T. F. Panetta

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22 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To report an examination of explanted bifurcated endovascular aortic grafts for histologic evidence of early healing and incorporation. Method: Two bifurcated endovascular aortic grafts composed of polycarbonate urethane and Elgiloy wire were explanted 42 and 21 days after successful endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Both patients expired from causes unrelated to endograft deployment. The explanted devices were examined using immunohistochemical analysis and electron microscopy. Results: On explantation, both grafts appeared to have excluded the aneurysm with no evidence of endoleak, graft migration, or thrombosis. Histological examination showed numerous inflammatory cells and good ingrowth of tissue into the proximal 2 cm of the graft. Collagen and smooth muscle cells were evident in the proximal portion of the graft with only collagen in the distal segments. Neointimal formation was seen within the proximal 2 cm also, but not at the distal segments. Macrophages were present in the graft. Scanning electron microscopy showed an extensive matrix of fibers that most likely represented collagen. Conclusions: Bifurcated endovascular aortic grafts show inflammatory and mild foreign body reactions, collagen formation, and intimal ingrowth during healing. These findings are similar to some of the healing properties reported for sutured grafts, as well as other endovascular grafts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-250
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Endovascular Surgery
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999


  • Abdominal aortic aneurysms
  • Corvita
  • Endovascular grafts
  • Graft healing

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