This study investigated whether hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 influences postnatal vascularization and alveologenesis in mice and whether stable (constitutive-active) HIF could prevent hyperoxia-induced lung injury. We assessed postnatal vessel and alveolar formation in transgenic mice, expressing a stable, constitutive-active, HIF1a-subunit (HIF-1aDODD) in the distal lung epithelium. In addition,we compared lung function, histology, and morphometry of neonatal transgenic and wild-type mice subjected to hyperoxia. We found that postnatal lungs of HIF-1aDODDmice had a greater peripheral vessel density and displayed advanced alveolarization compared with control lungs. Stable HIF-1a expression was associated with increased postnatal expression of angiogenic factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor, angiopoietins 1 and 2, Tie2, and Ephrin B2 and B4. Hyperoxiaexposed neonatal HIF-1aDODD mice exhibited worse lung function but had similar histological and surfactant abnormalities compared with hyperoxia-exposed wild-type controls. In conclusion, expression of constitutive-active HIF-1a in the lung epithelium was associated with increased postnatal vessel growth via up-regulation of angiogenic factors. The increase in postnatal vasculature was accompanied by enhanced alveolar formation. However, stable HIF-1a expression in the distal lung did not prevent hyperoxia-induced lung injury in neonates but instead worsened lung function.
|Number of pages
|American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
|Published - 1 Jan 2015
- Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
- Vascular development