Identification of purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency in dried blood spots by a non-radiochemical assay using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography

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Abstract

Purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) deficiency results in severe T cell dysfunction and hypouricemia. An assay to measure PNP activity in dried blood spots was developed using reversed-phase HPLC. The assay was linear with reaction times between 5 and 12.5 minutes, and protein concentrations ranging from 0.4 to 1.8 mg/ml. The intra-assay CV and the inter-assay CV for the complete assay was <3.6%. The PNP activity in a control blood spot, stored at 4 degrees C, remained stable for at least one year. In a patient suffering from a PNP deficiency, the residual PNP activity was only 0.3% compared to that observed in controls (1431 +/- 238 nmol/mg/h, n = 114). The PNP activity (483 +/- 35 nmol/mg/h, n = 3) in heterozygotes for the c.614A > C mutation (p.E205A) in the PNP gene was 34% compared to controls. Thus, the analysis of the PNP activity in blood spots can readily detect patients with a PNP deficiency
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-470
JournalNucleosides, nucleotides & nucleic acids
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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