In vitro models have been extensively used to map gene expression in ECs but few studies have used cells from in vivo sources directly. Here, we compare different gene expression surveys on both cultured and fresh tissue derived ECs, and it emerges that gene expression profiles can be paralleled with the angiogenic stage of the cells. ECs stimulated with different growth factors in monolayer cultures exhibit gene expression profiles indicative of an active proliferative state, whereas gene expression in tube forming cells in vitro involves genes implicated in cell adhesion processes. Genes overexpressed in tumor ECs are biased towards extracellular matrix remodeling, a late event in angiogenesis. The elucidation of gene expression profiles under these different conditions will contribute to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms during angiogenesis in both pathological and physiological circumstances and will have implications for the development of angiogenesis interfering treatment strategies.
- Endothelium, Vascular/physiology
- Gene Expression Profiling
- Gene Expression Regulation
- Neoplasms/blood supply
- Neovascularization, Pathologic/genetics
- Neovascularization, Physiologic/genetics