Internalization and adult-child interaction

Ed Elbers, Robert Maier, Tanja Hoekstra, Mariëtte Hoogsteder

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46 Citations (Scopus)


Authors inspired by Vygotsky's theory of internalization agree that both the child and the adult contribute to the process of internalization. However, in empirical studies of adult-child interaction, the emphasis is mostly on the role of the adult. Moreover, most studies of internalization suppose that the adult, in these interactions, has a teaching role. Observations were made of 10 adult-child dyads, engaged in a construction task. These observations showed that the children contributed actively to the interaction and to the solution of the problem. Despite the restricted task, the adult-child dyads constructed the interaction in different ways, leading to a variety of definitions of the task, some instructive, but others playful, task-oriented or predominantly affective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-118
Number of pages18
JournalLearning and instruction
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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