Late-onset presentation and phenotypic heterogeneity of the rare R377W PSEN1 mutation

M. Scarioni, A. Arighi, C. Fenoglio, F. Sorrentino, M. Serpente, E. Rotondo, M. Mercurio, G. Marotta, A. A. Dijkstra, Y. A. L. Pijnenburg, E. Scarpini, D. Galimberti

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Background and purpose: Mutations in the PSEN1 gene are the most common cause of autosomal-dominant Alzheimer’s disease and have been associated with the earliest disease onset. We describe an unusual presentation of the rare R377W PSEN1 mutation with a late age of onset, and we provide for the first time in vivo pathological evidence for this mutation. Methods: A 71-year-old female patient with progressive cognitive decline in the past 3 years and positive family history for dementia underwent neurological evaluation, neuropsychological testing, lumbar puncture, conventional brain imaging, amyloid-positron emission tomography (PET) and extensive genetic screening with a next-generation sequencing technique. Results: The diagnostic workup revealed mixed behavioural and amnestic disease features on neuropsychological tests, magnetic resonance imaging, and 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET. Amyloid-PET detected amyloid deposition in the frontal areas, in the parietal lobes and the precunei. The genetic screening revealed the presence of the rare R377W mutation in the PSEN1 gene. Conclusions: Extensive genetic screening is also advisable for late-onset presentations of Alzheimer’s disease, especially in the presence of a positive family history or atypical clinical features.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2630-2634
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean journal of neurology
Issue number12
Early online date2020
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • frontotemporal dementia
  • late-onset Alzheimer disease
  • mutation
  • presenilin 1

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