Long-Term Outcome after Joint Bleeds in von Willebrand Disease Compared to Haemophilia A: A Post Hoc Analysis

Karin P. M. van Galen, Merel Timmer, Piet de Kleijn, Frank W. G. Leebeek, Wouter Foppen, Roger E. G. Schutgens, Jeroen Eikenboom, Karina Meijer, Karin Fijnvandraat, Britta A. P. Laros-van Gorkom, Jos W. Twisk, Eveline P. Mauser-Bunschoten, Kathelijn Fischer

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Long-term outcome after joint bleeds in von Willebrand disease (VWD) (von Willebrand factor activity ≤ 30 IU/dL) could differ from moderate or severe haemophilia A (HA) (factor VIII [FVIII] 1-5 IU/dL or FVIII < 1 IU/dL). We performed a post hoc analysis on Haemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS, 0-124), X-ray Pettersson scores (PS, 0-13/joint) and the Haemophilia Activities List (HAL, 0-100), using multivariable regression to adjust for age (rate ratio [RR] or odds ratio [OR] [95% confidence interval]). We included 48 VWD (median age, 47 years, type 3 VWD, n = 19), 39 moderate HA (median, 39 years) and 59 severe HA patients (median, 25 years) with documented joint bleeds. VWD patients suffered repeated bleeding (lifetime > 5/joint) less often than moderate and severe HA patients (52% vs. 77% vs. 98%). HJHS and PS in VWD were similar to moderate HA (median HJHS 5 vs. 6, RR 0.9 [0.5-1.4] and PS > 3 of ≥ 1 joint OR 0.3 [0.1-1.4]), but better than in severe HA patients (median HJHS 5 vs. 9, RR 1.8 [1.1-2.9]; PS > 3 in any joint OR 0.1 [0.0-0.3]). Self-reported limitations in activities were comparable across VWD, moderate HA (HAL score < 95: 67% vs. 49%; OR 1.4 [0.5-3.6]) and young adults with severe HA (67% vs. 48%; OR 1.7 [0.7-4.4]). Despite fewer joint bleeds, joint outcome after joint bleeds was similar in VWD and moderate HA patients. Type 3 VWD patients had worst joint outcome, comparable to younger intensively treated severe HA patients. Limitations in activities occurred as often in VWD as in both moderate and severe HA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1690-1700
JournalThrombosis and haemostasis
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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