Pregnant women are a vulnerable subgroup of burn patients, due to altered physiological state and possible adverse effect on the fetus. The aim of this study was to develop a guideline for a tailored treatment of pregnant patients with burns to optimally treat both mother and fetus. This study consists of two parts: the first part contains a systematic review that presents a comprehensive overview of the literature on the management and outcome of pregnant women who sustain severe burn injuries and based on the results of this review, a guideline on the general, obstetric and burn management was developed and presented in the second part. A total of 35 studies including 1395 patients were included. Although the clinical outcomes seemed to be similar to non-pregnant patients, one study showed that mortality might be higher in the pregnant population. Predictive factors for maternal and fetal mortality were a total burned surface area of over 40% and inhalation injury. Early surgery may lead to a higher chance of survival of mother and fetus. A comprehensive guideline on the general management of pregnant patients with burns, obstetric management and specific burn management is provided. We encourage international burn organizations and guideline committees to use and evaluate the presented guideline.
- Pregnancy outcome
- Systematic review