Little is known about the safety and surgical outcomes of mastectomy after breast reduction in the trans male population. Several concerns have been voiced that performing mastectomy with prior breast reduction surgery, increases the risk for complications and revision surgery. All transgender men with a history of breast reduction, who underwent a mastectomy at our center between 01-1990 and 01-2021 were identified from our hospital registry. A retrospective chart study was conducted recording surgical characteristics, surgical complications, revision surgery, and clinical follow-up. A total of 1362 subcutaneous mastectomies were performed between 01-1990 and 01-2021. A total of 36 (2.6%) individuals were included (35 bilateral and 1 unilateral breast reduction). The mean age at mastectomy was 37 ? 10 years, and the median time between breast reduction and mastectomy was 6.3 years (range 1.0?31.1). Most individuals underwent a Wise-pattern breast reduction (91%) and a double incision mastectomy with free nipple grafts (86%). Following mastectomy, one acute reoperation was performed because of hemorrhage (3%). Partial pedicled nipple necrosis was seen in 7% and (partial) non-take of nipple grafts in 4%. Scar revisions were performed in 9%, dogear corrections in 20%, and both nipple corrections, and contour corrections in 6%. When comparing the outcomes in literature for surgical complications, scar revision, contour correction or nipple areolar complex revision, no clear disadvantage seems to be present when performing mastectomy after breast reduction. Mastectomy is a safe procedure in transgender men with a history of breast reduction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-487
Number of pages5
Issue number1-6
Early online date2023
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Gender dysphoria
  • mammaplasty
  • mastectomy
  • reconstructive surgical procedures
  • transgender

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