Molecular Quantity Variations in Human-Mandibular-Bone Osteoid

Anni Palander, Laure Fauch, Mikael J. Turunen, Hannah Dekker, Engelbert A. J. M. Schulten, Arto Koistinen, Nathalie Bravenboer, Arja Kullaa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Osteoid is a layer of new-formed bone that is deposited on the bone border during the process of new bone formation. This deposition process is crucial for bone tissue, and flaws in it can lead to bone diseases. Certain bone diseases, i.e. medication related osteonecrosis, are overexpressed in mandibular bone. Because mandibular bone presents different properties than other bone types, the data concerning osteoid formation in other bones are inapplicable for human-mandibular bone. Previously, the molecular distribution of other bone types has been presented using Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. However, the spatial distribution of molecular components of healthy-human-mandibular-bone osteoid in relation to histologic landmarks has not been previously presented and needs to be studied in order to understand diseases that occur human-mandibular bone. This study presents for the first time the variation in molecular distribution inside healthy-human-mandibular-bone osteoid by juxtaposing FTIR data with its corresponding histologic image obtained by autofluorescence imaging of its same bone section. During new bone formation, bone-forming cells produce an osteoid constituted primarily of type I collagen. It was observed that in mandibular bone, the collagen type I increases from the osteoblast line with the distance from the osteoblasts, indicating progressive accumulation of collagen during osteoid formation. Only later inside the collagen matrix, the osteoid starts to mineralize. When the mineralization starts, the collagen accumulation diminishes whereas the collagen maturation still continues. This chemical-apposition process in healthy mandibular bone will be used in future as a reference to understand different pathologic conditions that occur in human-mandibular bone.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)547-558
Number of pages12
JournalCalcified tissue international
Issue number6
Early online date17 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Bone FTIR
  • Bone autofluorescence
  • Bone modeling and remodeling
  • Collagen
  • Matrix mineralization

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