Moral deliberation in psychiatric nursing practice

Tineke A. Abma, Guy A M Widdershoven

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27 Citations (Scopus)


Moral deliberation has been receiving more attention in nursing ethics. Several ethical conversation models have been developed. This article explores the feasibility of the so-called CARE (Considerations, Actions, Reasons, Experiences) model as a framework for moral deliberation in psychiatric nursing practice. This model was used in combination with narrative and dialogical approaches to foster discourse between various stakeholders about coercion in a closed admission clinic in a mental hospital in the Netherlands. The findings demonstrate that the CARE model provides a substantial framework for structuring moral deliberations. Narratives and dialogue are useful tools for broadening issues in conversations, to engage various stakeholders (including patients), and to gain shared understandings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-557
Number of pages12
JournalNursing ethics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2006


  • CARE model
  • Coercion
  • Dialogue
  • Moral deliberation
  • Narrative
  • Psychiatry

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