Multiparametric analysis of coronary flow in psoriasis using a coronary flow reserve companion

Francesco Tona, Elena Osto, Peter L. M. Kerkhof, Roberta Montisci, Giulia Famoso, Giulia Lorenzoni, Laura de Michieli, Annagrazia Cecere, Irene Zanetti, Giovanni Civieri, Sabino Iliceto, Stefano Piaserico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is usually evaluated measuring coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR). A more comprehensive analysis of CFVR including additional consideration of the associated logical companion-CFVR, where hyperemic diastolic coronary flow velocity may act as surrogate, was applied in this study to elucidate the mechanism of CMD in psoriasis. Methods and results: Coronary flow velocity reserve was analysed using transthoracic echocardiographs of 127 psoriasis patients (age 36 ± 8 years; 104 males) and of 52 sex- and age-matched healthy controls. CFVR determination was repeated in the patient subgroup (n = 78) receiving anti-inflammatory therapy. Baseline and hyperemic microvascular resistance (MR) were calculated. CMD was defined as CFVR ≤ 2.5. Four endotypes of CMD were identified referring to concordant or discordant impairments of hyperemic flow or CFVR. We evaluated the companion-CFVR, as derived from the quadratic mean of hyperemic and diastolic flow velocity at rest. Coronary flow parameters, including CFVR (p = 0.01), were different among the two endotypes having CFVR > 2.5. Specifically, all 11 (14%) patients with CFVR deterioration despite therapy, belonged to endotype 1, and had higher baseline and hyperemic MR (p < 0.0001, both). Interestingly, while CFVR was comparable in patients with worsened versus those with improved CFVR, the companion-CFVR could discriminate by being lower in patients with worsened CFVR (p = 0.01). Conclusions: The reduced CFVR in psoriasis is driven by decreased companion-CFVR, combined with increased hyperemic MR. Adoption of the mandatory companion-CFVR enables a personalized characterization superior to that achieved by exclusive consideration of CFVR.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean journal of clinical investigation
Early online date2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021


  • Doppler echocardiography
  • anti-inflammatory therapy
  • coronary flow reserve
  • coronary microcirculation
  • coronary microvascular dysfunction
  • psoriasis

Cite this