Non-sleep related outcomes of maxillomandibular advancement, a systematic review

Joshua Yang, Misha L. Tan, Jean-Pierre T. F. Ho, Boudewijn R. A. M. Rosenmöller, Faridi S. Jamaludin, Tom C. T. van Riet, Jan de Lange

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


Maxillomandibular advancement has been shown to be an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea; however, the literature focuses mainly on sleep-related parameters such as apnea-hypopnea index, respiratory disturbance index and Epworth sleepiness scale. Other factors that may be important to patients, such as esthetics, patient satisfaction, nasality, swallowing problems and so forth have been reported in the literature but have not been systematically studied. Together with an information specialist, an extensive search in Medline, Embase and Scopus yielded 1592 unique articles. Titles and abstracts were screened by two blinded reviewers. In total, 75 articles were deemed eligible for full-text screening and 38 articles were included for qualitative synthesis. The most common categories of non-sleep related outcomes found were surgical accuracy, facial esthetics, functional outcomes, quality of life, patient satisfaction, and emotional health. All categories were reported using heterogenous methods, such that meta-analysis could not be performed. There was lack of consistent methods to assess these outcomes. This work is the first to systematically review non-sleep related outcomes of maxillomandibular advancement. Despite growing interest in evaluating surgical outcomes through patient subjective experiences, this review points to the need of standardized, validated methods to report these outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101917
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalSleep Medicine Reviews
Early online date1 Mar 2024
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2024


  • Emotional health
  • Facial esthetics
  • Maxillomandibular advancement
  • Non-sleep related outcomes
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Oral function
  • Patient satisfaction
  • Quality of life
  • Subjective experiences

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