Percutaneous coronary intervention of native coronary artery versus saphenous vein graft in patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery: Rationale and design of the multicenter, randomized PROCTOR trial

Ruben W. de Winter, Simon J. Walsh, Colm G. Hanratty, James C. Spratt, Ralf W. Sprengers, PROCTOR Trial Research Group, Jos W. Twisk, Iris Vegting, Stefan P. Schumacher, Michiel J. Bom, Roel Hoek, Niels J. Verouden, Ronak Delewi, Alexander Nap, Paul Knaapen

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Background: Patients with prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) frequently require repeat percutaneous revascularization due to advanced age, progressive coronary artery disease and bypass graft failure. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of either the bypass graft or the native coronary artery may be performed. Randomized trials comparing native vessel PCI with bypass graft PCI are lacking and long-term outcomes have not been reported. Methods: PROCTOR (NCT03805048) is a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial, that will include 584 patients presenting with saphenous vein graft (SVG) failure and a clinical indication for revascularization, as determined by the local Heart Team. The trial is designed to compare the clinical and angiographic outcomes in patients randomly allocated in a 1:1 fashion to either a strategy of native vessel PCI or SVG PCI. The primary study endpoint is a 3-year composite of major adverse cardiac events (MACE: all-cause mortality, non-fatal target coronary territory myocardial infarction [MI], or clinically driven target coronary territory revascularization). At 3-years, after evaluation of the primary endpoint, follow-up invasive coronary angiography will be performed. Secondary endpoints comprise individual components of MACE at 1, 3 and 5 years follow-up, PCI-related MI, MI >48 hours after index PCI, target vessel failure, target lesion revascularization, renal failure requiring renal-replacement therapy, angiographic outcomes at 3-years and quality of life (delta Seattle Angina Questionnaire, Canadian Cardiovascular Society Grading Scale and Rose Dyspnea Scale). Conclusion: PROCTOR is the first randomized trial comparing an invasive strategy of native coronary artery PCI with SVG PCI in post-CABG patients presenting with SVG failure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-29
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Early online date19 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2023

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