Persistent heightened Cortisol Awakening Response and adolescent internalizing symptoms: A 3-year longitudinal community study

S.A. Nelemans, W.W. Hale, S.J.T. Branje, P.A.C. van Lier, L.M.C. Jansen, E. Platje, T. Frijns, H.M. Koot, W.H.J. Meeus

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25 Citations (Scopus)


An atypical Cortisol Awakening Response (CAR) has been related to adult anxiety and depression, but little is known about the association between long-term atypical CAR and adolescent anxiety and depression. This study aimed to longitudinally identify subgroups of adolescents with distinct levels of CAR (i.e., adolescents with and without persistent atypical CAR) and to examine their development of anxiety and depressive symptoms over 3 successive years. A community sample of 184 Dutch adolescents (M
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-777
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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