Predicting long-term independency in activities of daily living after middle cerebral artery stroke: Does information from MRI have added predictive value compared with clinical information?

Sven K. Schiemanck, Gert Kwakkel, Marcel W.M. Post, L. Jaap Kappelle, Arie J.H. Prevo

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate whether neuroimaging information has added predictive value compared with clinical information for independency in activities of daily living (ADL) 1 year after stroke.

METHODS: Seventy-five first-ever middle cerebral artery stroke survivors were evaluated in logistic regression analyses. Model 1 was derived on the basis of clinical variables; for model 2, neuroimaging variables were added to model 1. Independent variables were stroke severity (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale), consciousness (Glasgow Coma Scale), urinary continence, demographic variables (age, gender, relationship, educational level), hospital of admission, and clinical instruments: sitting balance (trunk control test), motor functioning (Motricity Index), and ADL (Barthel Index). Neuroimaging variables, determined on conventional MRI scans, included: number of days to scanning, lesion volume, lesion localization (cortex/subcortex), hemisphere, and the presence of white matter lesions. ADL independency was defined as 19 and 20 points on Barthel Index. Differences in accuracy of prediction of ADL independence between models 1 and 2 were analyzed by comparing areas under the curve (AUC) in a receiver operating characteristic analysis.

RESULTS: Model 1 contained as significant predictors: age and ADL (AUC 0.84), correctly predicting 77%. In model 2, number of days to scanning, hemisphere, and lesion volume were added to model 1, increasing the AUC from 0.84 to 0.87, accurately predicting 83% of the surviving patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Clinical variables in the second week after stroke are good predictors for independency in ADL 1 year after stroke. Neuroimaging variables on conventional MRI scans do not have added value in long-term prediction of ADL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1050-1054
Number of pages5
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2006


  • Activities of daily living
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Stroke

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