Predictive Value of Cribriform and Intraductal Carcinoma for the Nomogram-based Selection of Prostate Cancer Patients for Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection

Hilda A. de Barros, Sebastiaan Remmers, Henk B. Luiting, Geert J. L. H. van Leenders, Monique J. Roobol, Elise M. Bekers, Amer Amin, Anne-Maree Haynes, Warick Delprado, Phillip D. Stricker, Henk G. van der Poel, Theodorus H. van der Kwast, Pim J. van Leeuwen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Objective: To assess the predictive value of biopsy-identified cribriform carcinoma and/or intraductal carcinoma (CR/IDC) within the Briganti and MSKCC nomograms predicting lymph node metastasis (LNM) in patients with primary prostate cancer (PCa). Methods: We retrospectively included 393 PCa patients who underwent radical prostatectomy with extended pelvic lymph node dissection at 3 tertiary referral centers. We externally validated 2 prediction tools: the Briganti 2012 nomogram and the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) nomogram. Both nomograms were augmented with CR/IDC. The original model was compared with the CR/IDC-updated model using the likelihood ratio test. The performance of the prediction tools was assessed using calibration, discrimination, and clinical utility. Results: Overall, 109 (28%) men were diagnosed with LNM. Calibration plots of the Briganti and MSKCC nomograms demonstrated an underestimation of the LNM risk across clinically relevant thresholds (≤15%). The addition of CR/IDC to the Briganti nomogram increased the fit of the data (χ 2(1) = 4.30, P = .04), but did not improve the area under the curve (AUC) (0.69, 95% CI 0.63-0.75 vs 0.69, 95% CI 0.64-0.75). Incorporation of CR/IDC in the MSKCC nomogram resulted in an increased fit on the data (χ 2(1) = 10.04, P <.01), but did not increase the AUC (0.66, 95% CI 0.60-0.72 vs 0.68, 95% CI 0.62-0.74). The addition of CR/IDC to the Briganti and MSKCC nomograms did not improve the clinical risk prediction. Conclusion: Incorporation of CR/IDC into the 2 clinically most used pre-radical prostatectomy nomograms does not improve LNM prediction in a multinational, contemporary PCa cohort.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-164
Number of pages9
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

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