Prevalence and predictors of violent victimization in remitted patients with recurrent depression

C. Christ, M. de Jonge, C. L.H. Bockting, M. J. Kikkert, D. J.F. van Schaik, A. T.F. Beekman, J. J.M. Dekker

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Background: Depressed patients are at increased risk to fall victim to a violent crime compared to the general population. It remains unknown whether their increased risk persists after remission. This study compared victimization rates of remitted patients with both a random general population sample and a group of currently depressed patients. Furthermore, this study aimed to identify predictors of future violent victimization. Methods: In this longitudinal study conducted in the Netherlands, 12-month prevalence rates of sexual assaults, physical assaults, and threats were assessed with the Safety Monitor in 140 currently remitted patients with recurrent depression, and compared to those of a weighted general population sample (N = 9.175) and a weighted sample of currently depressed outpatients (N = 102) using Chi-square tests. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify baseline predictors of future victimization. Results: The prevalence of violent victimization did not differ between remitted patients and the general population (12.1 vs. 11.7%). Remitted patients were significantly less likely to have been victimized over the past 12 months than currently depressed patients (12.1 vs. 35.5%). In remitted patients, living alone and low sense of mastery at baseline predicted future violent victimization. However, when combined in a multiple model, only living alone was independently associated with violent victimization (χ2 = 16.725, df = 2, p <.001, R2 = 0.221). Limitations: Our comparison of victimization rates across samples was cross-sectional. Conclusions: Since the increased risk of victimization appears to be specific for the acute depressive state, preventive interventions should target victimization in currently depressed patients. Trial registration: Netherlands Trial Register (NTR): 2599.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-411
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of affective disorders
Early online date6 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018


  • Assault
  • Depression
  • Remission
  • Sense of mastery
  • Victimization
  • Violence

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