Prognosis and prognostic factors of running-related injuries in novice runners: A prospective cohort study

Tryntsje Fokkema, Robert Burggraaff, Fred Hartgens, Bas Kluitenberg, Evert Verhagen, Frank J G Backx, Henk van der Worp, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Bart W Koes, Marienke van Middelkoop

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OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prognosis and possible prognostic factors of running-related injuries (RRIs) in novice runners.

DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.

METHODS: Participants of Start to Run, a 6-weeks course for novice runners in The Netherlands, were asked to participate in this study. Before the start of the course a baseline questionnaire, on demographics, physical activity and perceived health, was sent to runners willing to participate. The 26- or 52-weeks follow-up questionnaires assessed information on RRIs and their duration. Only participants that sustained a RRI during follow-up were included in the analyses. An injury duration of 10weeks or shorter was regarded as a relatively good prognosis, while an injury duration of more than 10weeks was defined as a poor prognosis. To determine the associations between baseline characteristics and injury prognosis and between injury location and injury prognosis, multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed.

RESULTS: 347 participants (48.8%) sustained an RRI during follow-up. The RRIs had an overall median duration of eight weeks (range: 1-52weeks). Participants with a previous RRI were more likely to have a poor prognosis (OR 2.31; 95%CI 1.12-4.79), while a calf injury showed a trend towards an association with a relatively good prognosis (OR 0.49; 95%CI 0.22-1.11).

CONCLUSIONS: The duration of RRIs in novice runners is relatively long, with only calf injuries being associated with a good prognosis. This emphasizes the need of injury prevention measures in novice runners and adequate support during and after an RRI, especially in runners with a previous injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-263
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Issue number3
Early online date7 Sept 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

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