Purpose: There is a growing number of children with medical complexity (CMC). After hospitalization, care often has to be continued at home, making transitional care very important. However, many parents do not feel empowered in their role as caregiver for the child. To move forward in this field, we explored prognostic factors associated with parental empowerment after discharge of hospitalized children. Design and methods: In a cross-sectional study, we collected data on potential prognostic factors found in the literature and on parental empowerment by means of the Family Empowerment Scale (FES). Linear regression analyses were performed to explore the associations between the prognostic factors and the FES. Results: Data from 228 patients and their parents were analyzed. Out of twelve factors included in the study, three showed significant associations with parental empowerment. Parents of CMC felt more empowered compared to parents of children with less complex conditions (β = 0.20, p = 0.00). We found a positive association between the age of the child and parental empowerment (β = 0.01, p = 0.00). Employed couples felt more empowered compared to unemployed couples (β = 0.30, p = 0.00). These three variables explained 11% of variance in the FES scores. Conclusions: Parental empowerment is associated with the patient's age, child's medical complexity, and parental employment status. Practice implications: Attention should be paid to the discharge preparation of parents of children with less medical complexity. Awareness is required for parents of younger children and parental employment status, because they are at risk for lower parental empowerment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e145-e151
JournalJournal of Pediatric Nursing
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2022


  • Discharge
  • Empowerment
  • Hospitalization
  • Parents
  • Pediatric

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