Prognostic Value of [18F]-Fluoromethylcholine Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography Before Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer

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Purpose: To investigate the predictive value of [18F]-fluoromethylcholine positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT)-derived parameters on progression-free survival (PFS) in oligometastatic prostate cancer patients treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). Methods and Materials: In [18F]-fluoromethylcholine PET/CT scans of 40 consecutive patients with ≤4 metachronous metastases treated with SBRT we retrospectively measured the number of metastases, standardized uptake values (SUVmean, SUVmax, SUVpeak), metabolically active tumor volume (MATV), and total lesion choline uptake. Partial-volume correction was applied using the iterative deconvolution Lucy-Richardson algorithm. Results: Thirty-seven lymph node and 13 bone metastases were treated with SBRT. Thirty-three patients (82.5%) had 1 lesion, 4 (10%) had 2 lesions, and 3 (7.5%) had 3 lesions. After a median follow-up of 32.6 months (interquartile range, 35.5 months), the median PFS was 11.5 months (95% confidence interval 8.4-14.6 months). Having more than a single metastasis was a significant prognostic factor (hazard ratio 2.74; P = .03), and there was a trend in risk of progression for large MATV (hazard ratio 1.86; P = .10). No SUV or total lesion choline uptake was significantly predictive for PFS, regardless of partial-volume correction. All PET semiquantitative parameters were significantly correlated with each other (P ≤ .013). Conclusions: The number of choline-avid metastases was a significant prognostic factor for progression after [18F]-fluormethylcholine PET/CT-guided SBRT for recurrent oligometastatic prostate cancer, and there seemed to be a trend in risk of progression for patients with large MATVs. The lesional level of [18F]-fluoromethylcholine uptake was not prognostic for progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-410
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

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