Quality of health care in adolescents and adults with disorders/differences of sex development (DSD) in six European countries (dsd-LIFE)

Ute Thyen, Till Ittermann, Steffen Flessa, Holger Muehlan, Wiebke Birnbaum, Marion Rapp, Louise Marshall, Maria Szarras-Capnik, Claire Bouvattier, Baudewijntje P.C. Kreukels, Anna Nordenstroem, Robert Roehle, Birgit Koehler

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© 2018 The Author(s). Background: To investigate the association between the structural quality of care and patient satisfaction with care in individuals with disorders/ differences of sex development (DSD). Methods: A multicenter cross-sectional comparative study was conducted in 14 clinics in six European countries. We assessed the level of structural quality of care in each center using a self-constructed measure (Center Score) and the level of participant satisfaction with care using the customer satisfaction questionnaire (CSQ-4) and an adopted version of the Youth Health Care - Satisfaction, Utilization & Needs (YHC-SUN-SF). Data were obtained from individuals with Turner Syndrome (261), Klinefelter Syndrome (173), 46, XX congenital adrenal hyperplasia (190) and XY-DSD (257). Results: We found large variations between the scores for structural quality of care both within a diagnostic group and within a country; the overall association between participant satisfaction with the center score was significant. Conclusions: Comparative effectiveness research across Europe can lead to more insight on beneficial structures and processes and the overall strategy to care for people with rare diseases in general and specific conditions such as disorders/ differences of sex development. Appreciation of higher levels of structural quality of the centers in this study supports the concept of comprehensive care.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMC Health Services Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jul 2018


  • Disorders/differences of sex development
  • Multidisciplinary care
  • Patient satisfaction

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