Quality of life and clinical outcome after thyroid surgery in children: A 13 years single center experience

Eva Stokhuijzen, Alida F. W. van der Steeg, Els J. Nieveen van Dijkum, Hanneke M. van Santen, A. S. Paul van Trotsenburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Given the low mortality of pediatric patients diagnosed with thyroid disease, quality of life (QoL) after thyroid surgery is very important. To organize the best possible patient care we analyzed our experience with respect to QoL and clinical outcome. This is a single center, retrospective cohort study. Data of patients who underwent thyroid surgery < 19 years between January 2000 and December 2012 were collected. QoL was measured using the child health questionnaire child form (CHQ-CF87, < 18 years) and the World Health Organization quality of life assessment (WHOQOL-100, ≥ 18 years). Forty patients were included (mean age 13.7 years; 29 females (72.5%)). Twenty-six patients underwent total thyroidectomy (including 7 repeat surgeries), 14 underwent hemithyroidectomy. QoL assessment in 26 patients revealed lower physical QoL in patients with a current age < 18 years (n = 11) (p < .001), but higher overall and physical QoL in patients ≥ 18 years (n = 15) compared with controls (p = .01 and p = .036 respectively). Patients ≥ 18 years, who underwent total thyroidectomy experienced lower overall and physical QoL compared with those who underwent hemithyroidectomy (p = .035 and p = .005 respectively). Surgery for thyroid disease during childhood significantly affects QoL. However, QoL seems to improve with increasing age, and hemi-thyroidectomy has less negative effects on QoL than total thyroidectomy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1701-1706
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Cite this