Recurrent E. coli Urinary Tract Infections in Nursing Homes: Insight in Sequence Types and Antibiotic Resistance Patterns

Soemeja Hidad, Boas van der Putten, Robin van Houdt, Caroline Schneeberger, Sacha Daniëlle Kuil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


INTRODUCTION: Recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTI) largely contribute to antibiotic use in older adults. Understanding the genetic characteristics of Escherichia coli (E.coli) is needed to identify patients at risk for recurrence. The aim of this study was to obtain a greater understanding of the genetics of E. coli rUTI in nursing home residents.

METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter Dutch nursing home study (PROGRESS). E. coli strains from residents with a suspected UTI and positive urine culture were analyzed using antimicrobial susceptibility testing and whole-genome sequencing (WGS). Same-strain recurrences were identified by single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis.

RESULT: In total, 121 E. coli strains were analyzed using WGS, of which 54 belonged to a rUTI episode. One third of E. coli rUTI episodes were caused by the same strain (n = 18, 33.3%). Same-strain recurrence occurred anywhere between 30 and 434 days after the index UTI, caused by sequence types (ST): ST12, ST23, ST73, ST131, ST453, ST538 and ST2522, in seven nursing home residents. In both single UTI and rUTI, antimicrobial resistance rates were low.

CONCLUSION: Recurrent UTI in nursing home residents are caused by same-strain E. coli as well as due to different E. coli strains or other uropathogens. Same-strain recurrence can occur over 400 days after the index UTI, suggesting that some strains have the ability to colonize the bladder or gut for longer periods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1638
JournalAntibiotics (Basel, Switzerland)
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2022

Cite this