Reporting health-related quality of life scores to physicians during routine follow-up visits of pediatric oncology patients: Is it effective?

Vivian Engelen, Symone Detmar, Hendrik Koopman, Heleen Maurice-Stam, Huib Caron, Peter Hoogerbrugge, R. Maarten Egeler, Gertjan Kaspers, Martha Grootenhuis

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Abstract

Background The aim of the current study is to investigate the effectiveness of an intervention that provides health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores of the patient (the QLIC-ON PROfile) to the pediatric oncologist. Procedure. Children with cancer participated in a sequential cohort intervention study: intervention N = 94, control N = 99. Primary outcomes of effectiveness were communication about HRQOL domains (t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test) and identification of HRQOL problems (chi-squared test). Secondary outcomes were satisfaction (multilevel analysis), referrals (chi-squared test), and HRQOL (multilevel analysis). Results. The QLIC-ON PROfile increased discussion of emotional functioning (control M = 32.9 vs. intervention M = 47.4, P <0.05) and psychosocial functioning (M = 56.9 vs. M = 63.8, P <0.05). Additionally more emotional problems remained unidentified in the control compared to the intervention group, for example, anger (control 26% vs. intervention 3%, P <0.01), fear (14% vs. 0%, P <0.01), and sadness (26% vs. 0%, P <0.001). The intervention had no effect on satisfaction and referrals, but did improve HRQOL of patients 5-7 years of age with respect to self-esteem (P <0.05), family activities (P <0.05), and psychosocial functioning (P <0.01). Conclusions. We conclude that a PRO is a helpful tool for systematic monitoring HRQOL of children with cancer, without lengthening the duration of the consultation. It is recommended to be implemented in clinical practice. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2012;58:766-774. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)766-774
JournalPediatric blood & cancer
Volume58
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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