Sex and gender differences in axial spondyloarthritis: myths and truths

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Mounting evidence reveals evident sex differences in physiology, disease presentation and response to medication in axial SpA (axSpA). Unfortunately these data are often neglected in clinical practice and research. In this review, myths that still exist on diagnosis, disease manifestation and drug effectiveness were argued against data of the most recent literature. The aim is to increase awareness of sex differences in the clinical aspects of axSpA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)iv38-iv46
JournalRheumatology (Oxford, England)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • biological therapies
  • epidemiology
  • inflammation
  • patient reported outcomes
  • sex differences
  • spondyloarthritis

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