Silent cerebral infarcts associated with cardiac disease and procedures

Mariëlla E. C. Hassell, Robin Nijveldt, Yvo B. W. Roos, Charles B. L. Majoie, Martial Hamon, Jan J. Piek, Ronak Delewi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


The occurrence of clinically silent cerebral infarcts (SCIs) in individuals affected by cardiac disease and after invasive cardiac procedures is frequently reported. Indeed, atrial fibrillation, left ventricular thrombus formation, cardiomyopathy, and patent foramen ovale have all been associated with SCIs. Furthermore, postprocedural SCIs have been observed after left cardiac catheterization, transcatheter aortic valve implantation, CABG surgery, pulmonary vein isolation, and closure of patent foramen ovale. Such SCIs are often described as precursors to symptomatic stroke and are associated with cognitive decline, dementia, and depression. Increased recognition of SCIs might advance our understanding of their relationship with heart disease and invasive cardiac procedures, facilitate further improvement of therapies or techniques aimed at preventing their occurrence and, therefore, decrease the risk of adverse neurological outcomes. In this Review, we provide an overview of the occurrence and clinical significance of, and the available diagnostic modalities for, SCIs related to cardiac disease and associated invasive cardiac procedures
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)696-706
JournalNature Reviews. Cardiology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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