Strain-dependent susceptibility for hypertension in mice resides in the natural killer gene complex

Zhila Taherzadeh, Ed VanBavel, Judith de Vos, Hanke L. Matlung, Gert van Montfrans, Lizzy M. Brewster, Leonard Seghers, Paul H. A. Quax, Erik N. T. P. Bakker

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Taherzadeh Z, VanBavel E, de Vos J, Matlung HL, van Montfrans G, Brewster LM, Seghers L, Quax PH, Bakker EN. Strain-dependent susceptibility for hypertension in mice resides in the natural killer gene complex. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 298: H1273-H1282, 2010. First published February 12, 2010; doi: 10.1152/ajpheart. 00508.2009.-Hypertension is associated with chronic vascular inflammation. We tested the hypothesis that the sensitivity to develop hypertension and vascular remodeling depends on the immunological background. Blood pressure, vascular remodeling, endothelial function, vascular architecture ( number of collateral arteries), and expression of inflammatory cytokines were determined in mice that received N-G-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) to inhibit nitric oxide synthesis. We studied C57BL/6, BALB/c, and BALB. B6-Cmv1r mice, a congenic strain where the natural killer (NK) gene complex of C57BL/6 mice is introduced in the BALB/c background. During a 4-wk treatment with L-NAME, blood pressure initially increased in both C57BL/6 and BALB/C mice, but after 4 wk, only C57BL/6 mice showed a significant increase in mean arterial blood pressure (+53 mmHg; P <0.001) and small artery inward remodeling. Endothelial function and vascular design were significantly different between C57BL/6 mice and BALB/C mice. The inflammatory response was similar in C57BL/6 and BALB/C mice, except for the leukocyte marker CD11b. Cellular colocalization of CD11b with NK1.1 indicated the recruitment of NK cells in C57BL/6 mice. Congenic BALB. B6-Cmv1r mice showed the same endothelial response and vascular architecture as BALB/c mice. However, BALB. B6-Cmv1r mice displayed a similar sensitivity to hypertension and vascular remodeling as C57BL/6 mice. In conclusion, we have identified the NK gene complex as an important determinant in the genetically determined sensitivity to develop L-NAME-induced hypertension in mice
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H1273-H1282
JournalAmerican journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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