Symptom burden and its association with change in glucose metabolism status over a 7-year period: the Hoorn Study

R. van der Pols-Vijlbrief, J.M. Dekker, C.D.A. Stehouwer, M.R. de Boer, G. Nijpels, F.J. Snoek, M.C. Adriaanse

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1 Citation (Scopus)


To study symptom burden among older people and its associations with change in glucose metabolism status over a 7‐year period.

We conducted a prospective population‐based cohort study among 397 older people. We used the revised Diabetes Symptom Checklist to assess symptom burden. Glucose metabolism status was determined using an oral glucose tolerance test. Analyses were adjusted for multiple confounders, including cardiovascular risk and risk of depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale score ≥ 16).

Revised Diabetes Symptom Checklist total scores (range 0–100) increased slightly over time among people with normal glucose metabolism (mean difference β1.04; P = 0.04) and those with impaired glucose metabolism (β1.96; P = 0.01), but not among people with Type 2 diabetes (β0.46; P = 0.55). These associations between symptom burden and glucose status were attenuated after full adjustment for multiple confounders and remained statistically significant for those with impaired glucose status. Linear mixed models showed significant mean differences in revised Diabetes Symptom Checklist total scores over time when comparing people with Type 2 diabetes with those with normal or impaired glucose metabolism, but not when comparing subjects with impaired vs normal glucose metabolism; these results did not alter after full adjustment.

Symptom burden increased gradually over time in the people with impaired glucose metabolism and those with normal glucose metabolism, but not in patients with Type 2 diabetes over a 7‐year follow‐up period.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)747-753
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetic medicine
Issue number6
Early online date3 Feb 2014
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014


  • Aged
  • Blood Glucose
  • Cost of Illness
  • Diabetes Complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Humans
  • Journal Article
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Time Factors

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