Management of refractory gastroparesis is challenging after diet, prokinetics, and long-term nutritional support have failed. In this review, the efficacy and safety of surgical interventions (sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery) are evaluated systematically in patients with refractory gastroparesis. The PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases were searched to identify relevant studies published up to June 2021. Outcome of interest was symptom improvement and gastric emptying. Nineteen studies with 222 refractory gastroparesis patients (147 Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, 39 sleeve gastrectomy, and 36 subtotal gastrectomy) were included. All studies reported symptom improvement postoperatively, particularly vomiting and nausea. Gastric emptying improved postoperatively in 45% up to 67% for sleeve gastrectomy and 87% for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The findings of our systematic review suggest that sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery improve symptoms and gastric emptying in patients with refractory gastroparesis. Surgery may be effective as treatment for a small group of patients when all other therapies have failed.
- Refractory gastroparesis
- Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery
- Sleeve gastrectomy