Targetable genetic features of primary testicular and primary central nervous system lymphomas

Bjoern Chapuy, Margaretha G. M. Roemer, Chip Stewart, Yuxiang Tan, Ryan P. Abo, Liye Zhang, Andrew J. Dunford, David M. Meredith, Aaron R. Thorner, Ekaterina S. Jordanova, Gang Liu, Friedrich Feuerhake, Matthew D. Ducar, Gerald Illerhaus, Daniel Gusenleitner, Erica A. Linden, Heather H. Sun, Heather Homer, Miyuki Aono, Geraldine S. PinkusAzra H. Ligon, Keith L. Ligon, Judith A. Ferry, Gordon J. Freeman, Paul van Hummelen, Todd R. Golub, Gad Getz, Scott J. Rodig, Daphne de Jong, Stefano Monti, Margaret A. Shipp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

397 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) and primary testicular lymphomas (PTLs) are extranodal large B-cell lymphomas (LBCLs) with inferior responses to current empiric treatment regimens. To identify targetable genetic features of PCNSL and PTL, we characterized their recurrent somatic mutations, chromosomal rearrangements, copy number alterations (CNAs), and associated driver genes, and compared these comprehensive genetic signatures to those of diffuse LBCL and primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBL). These studies identify unique combinations of genetic alterations in discrete LBCL subtypes and subtype-selective bases for targeted therapy. PCNSLs and PTLs frequently exhibit genomic instability, and near-uniform, often biallelic, CDKN2A loss with rare TP53 mutations. PCNSLs and PTLs also use multiple genetic mechanisms to target key genes and pathways and exhibit near-uniform oncogenic Toll-like receptor signaling as a result of MYD88 mutation and/or NFKBIZ amplification, frequent concurrent B-cell receptor pathway activation, and deregulation of BCL6. Of great interest, PCNSLs and PTLs also have frequent 9p24.1/PD-L1/PD-L2 CNAs and additional translocations of these loci, structural bases of immune evasion that are shared with PMBL
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-881
JournalBlood
Volume127
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Feb 2016

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