The haemodynamic response to exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: assessment by impedance cardiography

H J Bogaard, B M Dekker, B W Arntzen, H H Woltjer, A R van Keimpema, P E Postmus, P M de Vries

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14 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to determine the differences in haemodynamic responses to a standard incremental exercise test between outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and age-matched controls and to discover the relationship between severity of airflow obstruction and exercise haemodynamics in COPD. Twenty-two male patients with COPD (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)/vital capacity (VC))<80% predicted) and 20 age-matched male controls performed an incremental exercise test (10 W x min(-1)) with ventilatory function and changes in stroke volume (deltaSV) and cardiac output (deltaCO) measured by means of electrical impedance cardiography (EIC). Submaximal deltaSV and deltaCO were lower in COPD patients. Peak exercise deltaSV were equal in patients and controls (128+/-33 versus 129+/-29%, p=0.98), whereas peak deltaCO was lower in patients (COPD versus controls: 232+/-71 versus 289+/-54%, p<0.005). In COPD patients, FEV1 (% pred) was significantly correlated to deltaSV at all submaximal exercise intensities, to peak exercise deltaSV and to peak exercise deltaCO. FEV1/VC (% pred) was significantly correlated to deltaSV at 30 and 60 W. In conclusion, in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease an aberrant haemodynamic response to exercise was found, especially in patients with severe airflow obstruction. This aberrant response is related to the degree of airflow obstruction and may limit exercise performance in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-9
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean respiratory journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1998


  • Cardiography, Impedance
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Exercise Test
  • Exercise Tolerance/physiology
  • Forced Expiratory Volume
  • Hemodynamics/physiology
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive/diagnosis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Vital Capacity

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