The impact of cancer treatment on quality of life in patients with pancreatic and periampullary cancer: a propensity score matched analysis

Dutch Pancreatic Cancer Group

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Background: The impact of pancreatic and periampullary cancer treatment on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is unclear. Methods: This study merged data from the Netherlands Cancer Registry with EORTC QLQ-C30 and -PAN26 questionnaires at baseline and three-months follow-up of pancreatic and periampullary cancer patients (2015–2018). Propensity score matching (1:3) of group without to group with treatment was performed. Linear mixed model regression analyses were performed to investigate the association between cancer treatment and HRQoL at follow-up. Results: After matching, 247 of 629 available patients remained (68 (27.5%) no treatment, 179 (72.5%) treatment). Treatment consisted of resection (n = 68 (27.5%)), chemotherapy only (n = 111 (44.9%)), or both (n = 40 (16.2%)). At follow-up, cancer treatment was associated with better global health status (Beta-coefficient 4.8, 95% confidence-interval 0.0–9.5) and less constipation (Beta-coefficient −7.6, 95% confidence-interval −13.8–1.4) compared to no cancer treatment. Median overall survival was longer for the cancer treatment group compared to the no treatment group (15.4 vs. 6.2 months, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Patients undergoing treatment for pancreatic and periampullary cancer reported slight improvement in global HRQoL and less constipation at three months-follow up compared to patients without cancer treatment, while overall survival was also improved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-451
Number of pages9
Issue number4
Early online date2021
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

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