The Impact of Omitting Contralateral Systematic Biopsy on the Surgical Planning of Patients with a Unilateral Suspicious Lesion on Magnetic Resonance Imaging Undergoing Robot-assisted Radical Prostatectomy for Prostate Cancer

Daniël L van den Kroonenberg, Joëlle D Stoter, Auke Jager, Hans Veerman, Marinus J Hagens, Ivo G Schoots, Arnoud W Postema, Robert J Hoekstra, Daniela E Oprea-Lager, Jakko A Nieuwenhuijzen, Pim J van Leeuwen, André N Vis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A combined approach of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted biopsy (TBx) and bilateral systematic biopsy (SBx) is advised in patients who have an increased risk of prostate cancer (PCa). The diagnostic gain of SBx in detecting PCa for treatment planning of patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is unknown. This study aims to determine the impact of omitting contralateral SBx on the surgical planning of patients undergoing RARP in terms of nerve-sparing surgery (NSS) and extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND).

METHODS: Case files from 80 men with biopsy-proven PCa were studied. All men had a unilateral suspicious lesion on MRI, and underwent TBx and bilateral SBx. Case files were presented to five urologists for the surgical planning of RARP. Each case file was presented randomly using two different sets of information: (1) results of TBx + bilateral SBx, and (2) results of TBx + ipsilateral SBx. The urologists assessed whether they would perform NSS and/or ePLND.

KEY FINDINGS AND LIMITATIONS: A change in the surgical plan concerning NSS on the contralateral side was observed in 9.0% (95% confidence interval [CI] 6.4-12.2) of cases. Additionally, the indication for ePLND changed in 5.3% (95% CI 3.3-7.9) of cases. Interobserver agreement based on Fleiss' kappa changed from 0.44 to 0.15 for the indication of NSS and from 0.84 to 0.83 for the indication of ePLND.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: In our series, the diagnostic information obtained from contralateral SBx has limited impact on the surgical planning of patients with a unilateral suspicious lesion on MRI scheduled to undergo RARP.

PATIENT SUMMARY: In patients with one-sided prostate cancer on magnetic resonance imaging, omitting biopsies on the other side rarely changed the surgical plan with respect to nerve-sparing surgery and the indication to perform extended lymph node dissection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean urology open science
Publication statusPublished - May 2024


  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Perilesional biopsy
  • Prostate biopsy
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostatectomy
  • Surgical planning
  • Systematic biopsy
  • Targeted biopsy
  • Unilateral lesion

Cite this