The influence of antibodies on Staphylococcus epidermidis adherence to polyvinylpyrrolidone-coated silicone elastomer in experimental biomaterial-associated infection in mice

C.A.N. Broekhuizen, L. Boer, K. Schipper, C.E. Jones, S. Quadir, R.G. Feldman, C.M.J.E. Vandenbroucke-Grauls, S.A. Zaat, Christopher D. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Biomaterial-associated infection (BAI) is a major problem in modern medicine, and is often caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis. We aimed to raise monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against major surface protein antigens of S. epidermidis, and to assess their possible protective activity in experimental BAI. Mice were vaccinated with a cell wall protein preparation of S. epidermidis. A highly immunodominant antigen was identified as Accumulation-associated protein (Aap). mAbs against Aap and against surface-exposed lipoteichoic acid (LTA) were used for passive immunization of mice in experimental biomaterial-associated infection. Neither anti-Aap nor anti-LTA mAbs showed protection. Either with or without antibodies, tissue surrounding the implants was more often culture positive than the implants themselves, but bacterial adherence to the implants was significantly increased in mice injected with anti-LTA. In vitro, anti-Aap and anti-LTA did show binding to S. epidermidis, but no opsonic activity was observed. We conclude that antibodies against S. epidermidis LTA or Aap showed no opsonic activity and did not protect mice against BAI. Moreover, the increase in binding to implanted biomaterial suggests that passive immunization may increase the risk for BAI. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)6444-6450
Issue number32
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Cite this