The symptom profile of vascular depression

P. Naarding, M. Veereschild, M.A. Bremmer, D.J.H. Deeg, A.T.F. Beekman

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OBJECTIVES: Vascular depression is regarded as a subtype of depression, especially in--but not limited strictly to--older persons, and characterized by a specific clinical presentation and an association with (cerebro)vascular risk and disease. It is also known that depression is a risk factor in the development of myocardial infarction. The possibility of identifying depressed subjects at risk of a first cardiac event by their clinical presentation in general practice would have significant implications. METHODS: We studied the baseline depression symptom profiles of subjects in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam and compared the profile of depressed subjects who had and had not suffered a first cardiac event at a follow-up after eight years. RESULTS: We could not confirm the specific symptom profile in depressed subjects who suffered from a first cardiac event at follow-up. Most notably, the presumed specific symptoms of vascular depression, psychomotor retardation, and anhedonia were not significantly associated with the occurrence of a first cardiac event at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In this large community study we failed to identify a difference in the depression symptom profile between incident cardiac and non-cardiac cases. Copyright (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)965-969
JournalInternational journal of geriatric psychiatry
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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