TUBB4A de novo mutations cause isolated hypomyelination

A. Pizzino, T.M. Pierson, Y.R. Guo, G. Helman, S. Fortini, K. Guerrero, S. Saitta, J.L.P. Murphy, Q. Padiath, Y. Xie, H. Hakonarson, X. Xu, T. Funari, M. Fox, R.J. Taft, M.S. van der Knaap, G. Bernard, R. Schiffmann, C. Simons, A. Vanderver

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We present a series of unrelated patients with isolated hypomyelination, with or without mild cerebellar atrophy, and de novo TUBB4A mutations. Patients in 2 large institutional review board-approved leukodystrophy bioregistries at Children's National Medical Center and Montreal Children's Hospital with similar MRI features had whole-exome sequencing performed. MRIs and clinical information were reviewed. Five patients who presented with hypomyelination without the classic basal ganglia abnormalities were found to have novel TUBB4A mutations through whole-exome sequencing. Clinical and imaging characteristics were reviewed suggesting a spectrum of clinical manifestations. Hypomyelinating leukodystrophies remain a diagnostic challenge with a large percentage of unresolved cases. This finding expands the phenotype of TUBB4A-related hypomyelinating conditions beyond hypomyelination with atrophy of the basal ganglia and cerebellum. TUBB4A mutation screening should be considered in cases of isolated hypomyelination or hypomyelination with nonspecific cerebellar atrophy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)898-902
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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