Ultrasound biomicroscopy of the anterior segment in patients with primary congenital glaucoma: a review of the literature

Robin Janssens, Laurentius J. van Rijn, Cathrien A. Eggink, Nomdo M. Jansonius, Sarah F. Janssen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is a form of childhood glaucoma caused by maldevelopment of the anterior chamber. Disease severity differs greatly amongst patients. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) is a non-invasive technique that can visualize the anterior segment in infants in vivo. The purpose of this narrative review is to make an overview of the UBM data in PCG and study the applicability of UBM in characterizing the disease. Methods: An online search was performed on PubMed in December 2020. After a critical appraisal of the included articles, study and patient characteristics were summarized. The UBM measurements of the anterior segment in PCG of the different studies were analysed. Results: Six studies were included in this review. All were cross-sectional prospective studies. A total of 221 PCG eyes were examined. PCG eyes showed a larger trabecular iris angle, decreased iris thickness, narrower or absent Schlemm’s canal and an increased zonular length compared to controls. Abnormal tissue membrane covering the trabecular meshwork and abnormal insertion of the iris and ciliary process were frequently found. The success rate of glaucoma surgery depended on the severity of anterior segment malformations found with UBM. Conclusion: Malformations of the anterior segment in PCG can be demonstrated by UBM in vivo. This imaging can help to characterize disease severity and might support surgical treatment decisions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa ophthalmologica
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


  • UBM
  • anterior segment
  • childhood glaucoma
  • primary congenital glaucoma
  • ultrasound biomicroscopy

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