JARID2 (Jumonji, AT Rich Interactive Domain 2) pathogenic variants cause a neurodevelopmental syndrome, that is characterized by developmental delay, cognitive impairment, hypotonia, autistic features, behavior abnormalities and dysmorphic facial features. JARID2 encodes a transcriptional repressor protein that regulates the activity of various histone methyltransferase complexes. However, the molecular etiology is not fully understood, and JARID2-neurodevelopmental syndrome may vary in its typical clinical phenotype. In addition, the detection of variants of uncertain significance (VUSs) often results in a delay of final diagnosis which could hamper the appropriate care. In this study we aim to detect a specific and sensitive DNA methylation signature for JARID2-neurodevelopmental syndrome. Peripheral blood DNA methylation profiles from 56 control subjects, 8 patients with (likely) pathogenic JARID2 variants and 3 patients with JARID2 VUSs were analyzed. DNA methylation analysis indicated a clear and robust separation between patients with (likely) pathogenic variants and controls. A binary model capable of classifying patients with the JARID2-neurodevelopmental syndrome was constructed on the basis of the identified episignature. Patients carrying VUSs clustered with the control group. We identified a distinct DNA methylation signature associated with JARID2-neurodevelopmental syndrome, establishing its utility as a biomarker for this syndrome and expanding the EpiSign diagnostic test.
- DNA methylation
- developmental disorder