Feasibility of salvage resection following locoregional failure after chemoradiotherapy and consolidation durvalumab for unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer

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Introduction: In patients with unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer, high-dose chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by consolidation durvalumab improves the 5-year overall survival compared to CRT alone. The feasibility and safety of salvage surgery for such patients who subsequently develop locoregional failure (LRF) is unclear. We evaluated our institutional experience with radical-intent salvage surgery in this patient population. Materials and methods: Details of patients undergoing salvage surgery for locoregional failure after CRT and durvalumab were identified from an institutional surgical database. Each patient's case underwent multidisciplinary discussion at initial disease presentation, and again at time of progression. Results: Ten patients underwent salvage surgery for LRF after prior concurrent (n = 9) or sequential (n = 1) platinum-based high-dose chemo-radiotherapy followed by durvalumab. Consolidation durvalumab was completed in 4 patients, and discontinued in 6, due to either toxicity or disease progression. Median time between end of radiotherapy to detection of LRF was 19 months (range 6–75). Seven patients underwent a lobectomy, 1 a bilobectomy and 2 patients a pneumonectomy. Postoperative morbidity (Clavien-Dindo grade III-V) and 90-day mortality were 10% and 0%, respectively. Median follow-up after surgery was 7 months (range 1–25) during which 2 patients died (both 9 months post-operatively), one due to distant progression, and one of sepsis/bleeding. Eight patients are alive at 1–23 months post-surgery, with 6 showing no evidence of disease. Conclusions: Our results suggest that salvage pulmonary resection can be performed safely in selected patients with LRF following chemoradiotherapy and durvalumab. This radical-intent treatment option merits consideration by multidisciplinary lung tumor boards.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107294
JournalLung Cancer
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023


  • Chemoradiotherapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Locoregional recurrence
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Salvage surgery

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