Lower striatal dopamine D-2/3 receptor availability in obese compared with non-obese subjects

Barbara A. de Weijer, Elsmarieke van de Giessen, Therese A. van Amelsvoort, Erik Boot, Breg Braak, Ignace M. Janssen, Arnold van de Laar, Eric Fliers, Mireille J. Serlie, Jan Booij

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Abstract

Background: Obesity is a result of a relative excess in energy intake over energy expenditure. These processes are controlled by genetic, environmental, psychological and biological factors. One of the factors involved in the regulation of food intake and satiety is dopaminergic signalling. A small number of studies have reported that striatal dopamine D-2/D-3 receptor [D2/3R] availability is lower in morbidly obese subjects. Methods: To confirm the role of D2/3R in obesity, we measured striatal D2/3R availability, using [I-123]IBZM SPECT, in 15 obese women and 15 non-obese controls. Results: Striatal D2/3R availability was 23% (p = 0.028) lower in obese compared with non-obese women. Conclusion: This study is an independent replication of the finding that severely obese subjects have lower striatal D2/3R availability. Our findings invigorate the evidence for lower striatal D2/3R availability in obesity and confirm the role of the striatal dopaminergic reward system in obesity
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37
JournalEJNMMI Research
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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