The presence and upregulation of adhesion molecules on bovine brain endothelial cells (BBEC) were investigated. Monolayers of BBEC were incubated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), interleukin-1β (rhIL-1β), and interleukin-6 (rhIL-6) to simulate in vitro an inflammatory site in the cerebral capillaries. Adhesion of lymphocytes to BBEC increased 4.1-fold after stimulation of the endothelial cells for 4 h with 5 or 10 ng/ml LPS. Lymphocyte adhesion increased after incubation of the BBEC for 4 h with IL-1 and was increased 3.7-fold using 100 ng/ml IL-1. BBEC pre-incubated with IL-6 for 4 h also showed an increase in adhesion of lymphocytes, and cells pretreated with 100 ng/ml IL-6 showed a 3-fold increase in lymphocyte adherence. Specific monoclonal antibodies directed against CD11a, CD18, and VLA-4 were able to block adherence of lymphocytes to stimulated BBEC. These results indicate that the in vitro activation of BBEC may serve as a model for the study of inflammation of the blood-brain barrier.
- Blood-brain barrier
- Cerebral endothelial cells