Cytokemia is associated with microcirculatory alterations often with persistent loss of coherence between the micro- and macrocirculation, linked to organ failure and poor outcome of septic patients. Addition of a hemoadsorbant filter to an extracorporeal circuit next to conventional treatment of septic shock results in the hematological clearance of cytokines, hypothetically leading to normalization of the microcirculation and thus organ perfusion. Bedside sublingual microcirculatory assessment using handheld vital microscopy allows real-time direct visualization of the microcirculation and its response to therapy. This is demonstrated in the present case report of an 83-year-old man admitted to our intensive care unit after surgical repair of a colonic perforation for fecal soiling after a low anterior resection for a rectum carcinoma, with leakage of bowel content at the resection site. The clinical course of this patient can be described as having undergone adequate surgical treatment taking away the source of the disease, followed by optimal support including antibiotic treatment in the ICU. However, during the course of his stay in the ICU, his condition deteriorated with symptoms consistent with septic shock. Our report shows that the addition of a hemoadsorbent (CytoSorb) to the continuous renal replacement therapy circuit was associated with an improvement in the condition of our severely ill patient with abdominal sepsis. Parallel to the clinical improvement of our patient, the functional parameters of the microcirculation also showed improvement suggesting that such a noninvasive real-time evaluation of the status of the microcirculation may be a sensitive diagnostic tool to monitor the effectiveness of hemoadsorbent therapy.