5 Citations (Scopus)


AIM: To assess whether variation in foot rotation, in relation to camera position, affects the reliability of measurement of hindfoot alignment on radiographs and to define a “safe zone” where measurement of the alignment axis and thus preoperative planning is not affected by foot rotation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy volunteers were recruited of whom double-sided lower-leg weight-bearing computed tomography (CT) was acquired. Weight-bearing was simulated by means of providing axial compression force equal to the weight of the healthy volunteers. The scans were uploaded into custom-made three-dimensional analysis software to create digitally reconstructed radiographs. For each CT examination, a coordinate system was determined, which defines the neutral position of the leg. Rotation about the z-axis of this coordinate system simulates endo- and exorotation of the foot. Subsequently, radiographs were reconstructed for the leg between 30° of endorotation and 45° of exorotation, and the relation between the observed alignment axis and foot rotation was determined. RESULTS: A total of 20 healthy volunteers were included, 10 males (mean age 37.7±11.1) and 10 females (mean age 34±10.3). Per 5° of leg rotation, the alignment axis translated with a mean of 6.86% (SD ±13.1). No significant difference in position of the alignment axis was seen between 10° of endorotation and 10° of exorotation compared to the neutral ankle position. CONCLUSION: The “safe zone” for imaging the hindfoot alignment axis, is between 10° endo- and 10° exorotation of the foot.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897.e1-897.e7
JournalClinical Radiology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

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